Apple varieties in Germany

The most popular apple varieties and when to harvest them

Apple varieties in Germany

The apple from the garden should taste delicious, be versatile and storable. Nurseries have now bred by crossing dwarf apple, crab apple and other wild apples a wide range of apple varieties. Apple researchers (or Pomologen) now even distinguish over 1500 different apple types.

but on the market and into the supermarket shelves always get really only the usual suspects: Braeburn, Elstar, Gala, Golden Delicious or Jonagold. But also newer varieties such as Fuji and Pink Lady are becoming increasingly popular. Disadvantage of the apple varieties from the market: For the private garden they are rather unsuitable because of their high flesh firmness.

For your own garden, there are still some interesting varieties of apples, more here: planting apple tree in your own garden.

Contents: apple varieties

  • A picking and eating ripeness of apples
  • Overview of apple varieties
  • boskoop red
  • Braeburn
  • Cox Orange
  • Elstar
  • Gala
  • Gloster
  • Golden Delicious
  • Holsteiner Cox
  • Idared
  • Jonagold
  • Jonagored
  • Pinova
  • Blood apple (purple apple)
  • Rare apple varieties
  • Traditional apple varieties in South Tyrol
  • What is so healthy at the apple?
  • Nutrition information per 100 grams of fresh apple fruit
  • Apples are important for the intestinal tract
  • In the form of apple juice apples are healthy

A picking and eating ripeness of apples

Some varieties can be eaten after the apple harvest, however, some varieties develop its typical taste first for some time afterwards. Therefore, between the ripe for picking and the ripe for consumption distinguished: With a pflückreifen Apple can be well solved by his attachment of the stem. enjoyment Reif However, the apples are only several days or weeks after picking, because they ripen at this time and so develop their full typical aroma.

Overview of apple varieties

Apple varieties in Germany

boskoop red

Taste:
fruity, tart, refreshing, spicy,
solid, juicy flesh,
later crumbly

ripe for picking:
End of September to mid-October

Ripe for consumption:
November to April


Apple varieties in Germany

Braeburn

Taste:
sweet, slightly aromatic,
with crisp, firm flesh

ripe for picking:
mid-October

Ripe for consumption:
November to May


Apple varieties in Germany

Cox Orange

Taste:
sweet-sour, spicy, aromatic,
solid and fine pulp,
later pleasantly mellow

ripe for picking:
Mid to late September

Ripe for consumption:
End of September to March


Apple varieties in Germany

Elstar

Taste:
slightly sour, spicy, refreshing, crisp,
juicy flesh from white-yellowish color

ripe for picking:
Late September to early October

Ripe for consumption:
End of September to May


Apple varieties in Germany

Gala

Taste:
süßfruchtig, fine aromatic,
crisp, juicy flesh and festfleischiges

ripe for picking:
mid-September

Ripe for consumption:
End of September to March


Apple varieties in Germany

Gloster

Taste:
fruity, tart,
green-yellow flesh

ripe for picking:
mid-October

Ripe for consumption:
November to May


Apple varieties in Germany

Golden Delicious

Taste:
sweet, aromatic, spicy, with fine acid,
firm, crisp pulp,
later crumbly

ripe for picking:
September to October

Ripe for consumption:
October to July


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Apple varieties in Germany

Apple varieties in Germany

Holsteiner Cox

Taste:
spicy, fruity, aromatic, slightly sour,
grobzelliges, yellow to off-white pulp

ripe for picking:
Mid to late September

Ripe for consumption:
October to March


Apple varieties in Germany

Idared

Taste:
weak slightly sour,
solid, white to slightly rosanes pulp

ripe for picking:
Mid to late October

Ripe for consumption:
December-July


Apple varieties in Germany

Jonagold

Taste:
sweet and slightly sour,
juicy, yellow flesh,
later fully ripe, soft and mellow

ripe for picking:
End of September to mid-October

Ripe for consumption:
October to July


Apple varieties in Germany

Jonagored

Taste:
sweet and slightly sour, juicy,
yellow flesh, later soft

ripe for picking:
End of September to mid-October

Ripe for consumption:
October to July


Apple varieties in Germany

Pinova

Taste:
sweet, aromatic, lightly seasoned,
juicy, fine-celled pulp

ripe for picking:
October

Ripe for consumption:
November to May


Apple varieties in Germany

Blood apple (purple apple)

Taste:
sweet and sour and aromatic.
Feature: Red pulp

ripe for picking:
October

Ripe for consumption:
until December

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Rare apple varieties

The varieties listed above are available today in most supermarkets. Less well known is that apple varieties that have been cultivated for more than 400 years. Among the names "Red iron apple", "Royal Krummstiel" or "Herbstparmäne" these apples are among the few species that are preserved until today.

Over the past two centuries, much of the varieties was lost. In the 18th and 19th centuries, fields, gardens and roadsides planted with apple trees, so that different varieties mixed together. Thus, these so-called recognized "orchard trees" a large species diversity.

In a serious change in the history of apple growing urbanization was. In the late 19th century, the German Pomologenverein granted the first grade recommendations for commercial fruit growing. Other apple varieties have been lost by the dramatically simplified table fruit production after the Second World War.

With the introduction of Abholzprämien in 1950 reached the "Apple varieties Death" its peak. These premiums were paid for deforestation unprofitable fruit trees, as a result, the stock of orchard trees decreased dramatically and remained only a few standard varieties. For example, today only about 20 to 30 species have economic importance, of which apples as "Golden Delicious". "Jonagold" and "Red Delicious" account for almost 70 percent of the total supply on the apple market.

An upsurge in species diversity there was in recent years through large-scale projects such as the "Apple Network"Which was founded in late 2009 by the Julius Kühn Institute. The aim of this project is to get more than 1,000 apple varieties with their specific characteristics. The varieties are permanently planted in at least two locations in Germany and thus secured their inventory. Of course, each person can contribute his part to preserve the Sortenviefalt by preferred old apple varieties planted in the garden or orchards are created. The purchase of rare and local varieties helps.

Safeguarding biodiversity has a positive effect on the modern apple varieties. So old varieties often have characteristics that are important for breeding new varieties of advantage, for example, in taste, in adapting to climate change or natural resistance to diseases and pests.

Traditional apple varieties in South Tyrol

Apple varieties in GermanyIn many traditional apple varieties, the name was determined by the vernacular, like here at "blood apple",

The tradition to maintain the old apple varieties, also many of the South Tyrolean apple growers have dedicated, committed to the preservation and cultivation of traditional varieties in order to preserve the great diversity in the various regions of South Tyrol. These "tradition apples" can be recognized by its unusual name:

Of the "Yellow Bellefleur" is a very juicy apple with a crumbly consistency. This French variety is suitable as table and Wirschaftsapfel and in South Tyrol under the name "Schafsnase" known. get the name of the apples from their rounded edges that will see the nose of a sheep similar.

Of the "Yellow Fritz" Originally from the region Appiano and gets its name from its typical yellow color and its sparkling bite. The Italian word "frizzante", translated: "tangy"Was colloquially over time to "Fritz" amended.

Under the "blood apple", also "Purple apple" called several apple varieties are known. Characteristic of these apples is the red pulp and gaudy red shell.

A true gem is the "White Winter Calvill"That was the beginning of the 20th century even in tissue paper packed from South Tyrol exported to the Russian Zarrenhaus.

Of course also includes the well-known apple varieties that make up the bulk of the apple growing in the region, to the real "South Tyrolean originals" and recognized as a regional specialty. Here, the seal of approval guarantees their origin and the traditional cultivation.

What is so healthy at the apple?

An apple has a balanced combination of vitamins, trace elements as well as a large amount of phytochemicals. It is rich in folic acid, B vitamins, vitamin E and niacin. Moreover, the high Vitamin C content strengthens the immune system, while the secondary plant substance Quercetin inhibits the conversion of nitrite into the hazardous nitrosamines and thus prevents the development of cancer.

The apple skin is healthy, if it has been washed thoroughly. In it, carotenoids are present, which are considered a precursor of the essential vitamin A. They are good for the human visual system, protect the skin from UV damage that can lead to skin cancer, and give it a healthy appearance.

Finally, a sufficient amount of essential minerals such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus are contained in the apple.

Nutrition information per 100 grams of fresh apple fruit

Energy: 54 Kcal Boron: 0,25 mg Vit.
Magnesium: 5.00 mg Vit B1.: 0.07 mg
Water: 81.70 g polyphenols: 0.90 g
calcium: 7.00 mg Vit B2.: 0.04 mg
Protein: 0.45 g souls: 0.001 mg
Phosphorus: 14.00 mg Vit B6.: 0.50 mg
Fat: 0.50 g Sodium: 3.00 mg
Iron: 0.50 mg Vitamin B3: 0.40 mg
Carbohydrates: 11.40 g Potassium: 160.0 mg
Zinc: 0.10 mg Vitamin B5: 0.13 mg
polyphenols: 1.10 g Chlorine: 5.00 mg
Vit A.: 8,00μg Vit C.: 0.50 mg
Cholesterol: 0.00 mg Manganese: 0.10 mg
Carotene: 0.50 mg Silicon: 0.20 mg
Sulfur: 6.00 mg Zinc: 0.07 mg
Vit. E: 0.60 mg Molybdenum: 0.001 mg
inositol: 22:00 mg Copper: 0.04 mg
folic acid: 0.007 mg Pectin: 1.30 g

Apples are important for the intestinal tract

Regardless of the variety has an apple other positive properties for health. It contains flavonoids that can reduce the cancer risk. This is confirmed by the national research network, which is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Since 2002 it is under the leadership of Dr. Dr. Dieter Schrenk from the Technical University of Kaiserslautern (Department of Chemistry). The network examines the extent to which the ingredients of apple juice for the prevention of intestinal diseases affect. The results are also made available to the public on the Internet at www.nutrition-net.org.

In the form of apple juice apples are healthy

Apple juice from fresh apples or apple juice purchased are also very healthy. Bronchial asthma is one, for example, the most common chronic diseases in children and adolescents. With the everyday enjoyment of a fresh-squeezed apple juice or apple juice concentrate of the emergence of this disease can be reduced.

Important: Do you prefer natural apple juice against clear apple juice. The main difference is that in natural apple juice, a much higher content of vitamins, minerals, trace elements contained. It should in this context, however, be mentioned that much more polyphenol contained. Just polyphenol can prevent colon cancer and possibly inflammatory bowel disease.

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