build conservatory and planning
build conservatory and planning
Winter Garden planning and cost
A few centuries exotic fruits were protected from the cold of winter in special glass buildings. Today, homeowners enjoy autumn storms, snow or cold spring nights in modern conservatories, because with their modern designs they offer perfect quality of living - in summer and in winter.
Particularly in terms of energy optimization considerable progress has been made in recent years. Who today incorporates large areas of glass in his house, need not fear unproductive to heat through the windows out: thermal insulation glazing and modern sealants effectively prevent energy loss.
Read on to learn all about the design and construction of its own conservatory.
Contents: build conservatory and planning
- Considerations Prior to the winter garden planning
- avoid errors in the conservatory
- Building codes for conservatories
- Location of the winter garden
- Conservatory construction: thermal insulation and materials
- Conservatory build from wood
- Conservatory made of aluminum or plastic
- Automatic Conservatory: control systems and sensors
Considerations Prior to the winter garden planning
If the winter garden planned from the outset, it can be optimally integrated into the floor plan and used for the energy balance of the house. Although the glass housing increases the construction costs at first, but a later cultivation would prove even more costly. The investment also pays off not only because of the improved quality of living, but also because of the increase in property value. Many domestic manufacturers now have houses built conservatories in the program.
As the conservatory Association tells e.V. (Rosenheim), to the plant lovers offer in the winter garden "unprecedented opportunities for the attitude of the various plants", At the same conservatory manufacturer warns: To later disappointments in the expected Wohnerlebnis prevent, should be carefully considered prior to execution and planned. In addition, you should make sure that professionals carry out the work. At the conservatory building is technical and manual precision work. Manufacturing exporters and companies should be asked for references, warranties and warranties.
avoid errors in the conservatory
In the winter garden plants and people alike should feel comfortable
Some common errors in the conservatory building include a wrong choice of location and too little land, an unfavorable roof slope and wrong for conservatories Eindeckmaterial.
Even poor foundations and flooring, heat losses, thermal bridges and fogged windows and inadequate heating, ventilation and shading may adversely affect the climate in the conservatory. A good indoor climate is crucial for both the people and the plants in the conservatory.
Building codes for conservatories
The living conservatory is in accordance Energy Saving Regulation (EnEV) a building part with "normal internal temperatures" (heated at least four months, at least 19 degrees Celsius) and has to meet stricter criteria as a part of the building with "low internal temperatures" (12 to 19 degrees Celsius).
The limits relate to construction and insulation. Important to note is the thermal isolation: What is not normal heated living space, from the perspective of EnEV "outside" and must therefrom by lockable doors heat sealed his abschottbar.
- Stand and break resistance: The conservatory has to withstand loads due to wind, snow and rain, stability must be guaranteed according to DIN 1055; the lower panes of the glass roof must be made of laminated safety glass (LSG).
- Traffic safety: Depending on the state, the distances of a conservatory to the neighboring land must be 0.8 to 1 times the height of the wall, but at least 3 to 2.5 meters. Between series and semi-detached houses derogations.
- Fire protection: Escape routes from the conservatory must be provided access for the fire brigade as well. Can not be complied with the minimum distances to neighbors, the walls / glass walls in the fire protection class F 90 run (The conservatory walls must be able to withstand a fire 90 minutes).
Location of the winter garden
Winter Garden diagonally
The location of the winter garden is crucial: Each direction has advantages and disadvantages. In an unfavorable orientation of the conservatory building site and an over-corner construction can be useful: This has two zones for the sunlight, offering both sun-seeking and shade-loving plants habitat.
For a home office, a studio or a studio, the north side of the house offers. The glass extension acts as a climate buffer and protection for the input. The energy saving is then the same as the positive energy from the sun's rays from the south in comparison.
On the east side you can already morning for breakfast enjoying the sun. Since this place is protected from the hot afternoon sun, no overheating occurs with adequate ventilation and shading even in midsummer. Thus, the location to the east conservatory also makes a workplace good service. Plant also offers ideal lighting conditions here.
Probably the most popular is the orientation to the south. Here, the glass Bauwegen the long sunshine time - be used in many ways - even in winter. In high summer it is however quick to heat buildup. Therefore, shading and ventilation systems must necessarily be scheduled.
The west facing should only "emergency" to get voted. In summer the temperature here rises by the extra evening sun on an intolerable level of, in the winter, however, the sparse sunbeams bring little benefit. Therefore, you should ensure at West location for a sufficient thermal insulation and installing a heater.
Conservatory construction: thermal insulation and materials
When choosing a glass for a winter garden should pay attention to the latest thermal insulation glazing with two or three layer glass surfaces with gas filling. For glass roofs laminated safety glass is already prescribed.
Conservatory build from wood
Thermally and structurally well suited is wood. In order to guarantee the sustainability and counteract possible delay, laminated beams are usually used. These consist of several tightly glued and pressed boards.
However, the weak point of wood is weather resistance: approximately every four years requires the wood profile outside of the winter garden a new protective coating. Therefore, it is now often combined with an aluminum shell that adverse weather conditions restrain or wood.
Conservatory made of aluminum or plastic
Winter Garden of aluminum
Aluminum as a building material is more expensive and is obtained under a lot of energy, which affects its life cycle. It is a good heat conductor, the frame with its many chambers can be filled with foam to prevent heat loss. Conservatories are aluminum-resistant and easy to clean. The surfaces are available in all RAL colors.
Another alternative is the Conservatory plastic: The plastic profiles are very easy to maintain, easy to install and are highly resistant. A disadvantage is the little natural look.
Automatic Conservatory: control systems and sensors
A fully equipped conservatory with shading, heating and ventilation has numerous roller shutter motors, dampers and valves. All these can constantly keep in mind to be very time consuming. A computerized control unit takes the user using this work on temperature sensors, anemometer and sun sensors. Are house and conservatory, closely connected, a BUS system, which handles the complete air management worthwhile. Modern solutions also can be on the PC, remotely controlled via the Internet or via mobile apps.
Automatically controlled blinds, awnings and screens care in the summer for a good climate in the conservatory and preserve plants and residents from too much sun damage. Drive and control of the blinds should be quiet and gentle on the cloth or the slats. Precipitation and sun sensors provide precise control, a service associated with these sensors thermostat controlled in winter heating and summer ventilation and shading.