build wooden deck itself

build wooden deck itself

Blueprints for wooden terraces

A wooden deck has long since proven to be stylish even in private gardens, because the woods blend into the decorative nature. Unlike gravel, composite or paving stones, they underscore a warm atmosphere, however, are connected with the acquisition more expensive. to build a wooden deck yourself with our detailed, illustrated instructions and some advice no longer a problem. Including home improvement can build a durable wooden terrace and attach the boards with concealed screws or classic fixed drilling from above.

So that they will last many years, choosing the right type of wood is crucial. That's why we tell which timber is preferably suitable for patios and how yourselfer protect it from the weather and fungus.

build wooden deck itself: Contents

  • maintain furniture and floorboards from Bangkirai
  • The right decking
  • Protection and waterproofing for the wood in the garden
  • Tips for the substructure
  • invisible screwing
  • Aligning the floorboards
  • Instructions: build wooden deck itself
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maintain furniture and floorboards from Bangkirai

maintain furniture and floorboards from Bangkirai

If you like the silver-gray, weathered-looking variant needs only occasional sweeping and scrubbing once a year. Who wants to have a wood tone, the Bangkirai terrace begrudge care with oil. maintain furniture and floorboards from Bangkirai

The right decking

Before you can build your own wooden deck, they must decide on a type of wood. There are no right and wrong wood, because the difference between the domestic needle and expensive hardwoods is rather low. Beams and boards from Spruce or pine are relatively inexpensive and have the advantage that they are easy to work with. Moreover, damaged parts can be quickly replaced.
For the construction of the terrace in this country especially the Douglas popular, also called Douglas fir. It is more resistant and comes from European forests, so you do not have concerns about tropical deforestation. In addition to wood deck boards are available in other materials, which combine the appearance of wood with the easy care of plastic, concrete or ceramic.
In addition to decorative aspects, it is important that the chosen wood to withstand the effects of weather, pest and fungus. What types of wood have a natural wood protection against fungi that govern Durability classes according to DIN EN 350-2:

durability class
Protection against fungal infection
Species
1 very durable Bilinga, Asian Teak, Robinia (1-2)
2 durable Bangkirai, sweet chestnut, European oak, mahogany
3 moderately durable Pitch pine, Douglas fir and larch (3-4)
4 slightly durable Spruce, pine, red oak, pine, red oak
5 not permanent Birch, beech, ash, lime

If wood is used with a medium to low durability for the terrace, you should treat it with special wood preservatives.

Protection and waterproofing for the wood in the garden

build wooden deck itselfA paint protects the wood from the weather deck

The wood for the terrace should be impregnated, after all it is exposed throughout the year to the weather. Thus, it has to withstand rain and high temperature fluctuations sunlight.
The beams used for the construction of the terrace should be pressure treated prior to processing. In this case the wood is soaked in impregnating agent which is pressed for several hours under high pressure. Some types of wood also a protection against fungal infection, such needs. B. Blue stain protection, may be applied as a primer. After completion of construction you should oil the boards, varnish or paint with wood color. With the right protective paint, the selected material can also refine later and change its appearance.
More important than aiming to optical results protect the wood flooring is the constructive wood protection for the entire construction of the terrace floor. This indicates which protection measures for wood are required. Terrace Wood falls into the 3rd or 4th hazard class:

hazard class
Use of the wood
wood protection
3 Wood is exposed to the elements, but does not have direct contact with soil Protection against fungi and insects, wood preservatives must not be washed out
4 Wood has permanent contact with the ground and the weather is exposed Protection against soft rot, fungi and insects, wood preservatives must not be washed out

However, a chemical wood protection is necessary only if the timber has no corresponding built-up durability. Therefore, it is recommended to make use of wood species from the mentioned in the upper section classes 1 and 2 in order to not have to use chemical agents.
Another important factor of constructive wood protection is the derivative of rainfall. For this, the substructure of the wooden deck should be designed so that rainwater flows such. For example, with a layer of gravel. This way you avoid waterlogging through which the wood is permanently exposed to moisture and begins to rot.

Tips for the substructure

The built wood should not be possible to come to the ground in contact and must be well ventilated from all sides, so that it dries quickly. Because moisture is the only thing that really harm the material. Therefore, a well-planned and carefully executed substructure with adequate ventilation, the A and O. This should consist of several layers:

  • Bed of sand with gravel to increased water absorption
  • Root fleece prevents plants grow through between the wooden beams
  • concrete slabs
  • Structural wood

the final boards are finally attached to the supporting timbers. To avoid waterlogging and premature rotting of the installed wood flooring helps a terrace substructure with pads made of plasticbuild wooden deck itself. positioned between the foundation and substructure constructive wood protection can also be set to create and extend the life of the terrace enormous.

invisible screwing

build wooden deck itselfThe battery drill the screws are sunk in the wood

To assemble the wooden floorboards just periodically and screw covers at the same time, many retailers offer a simple connection system at. This even beginners get professional results. Linchpin of this system are made of plastic connectorbuild wooden deck itself, with which the boards can be screwed to the substructure. Thus swelling and shrinkage movements of the wood are compensated, these connectors have a breaking point in the middle. This prevents torn screws or cracks in the wood at constant stability. In addition, they provide the necessary distance between the substructure and deck boards and thus provide for sufficient ventilation underneath.
By means of the drilling aidbuild wooden deck itself and Schraublehrebuild wooden deck itself can be fixed in the same position continuously and insert the board into the previously assembled board connector. For the first and last row there are special connectorbuild wooden deck itself, which yourselfers on the front side of the substructure a clean finish the terrace succeed.

Aligning the floorboards

During construction of the wooden deck mounting clamp facilitatesbuild wooden deck itself the fast and accurate alignment of floorboards. Together with the spacers which achieve six or eight millimeters wide expansion joints, can be realized a clean and even laid. Generally, floorboards with a width up to 20 centimeters exactly aligned. Its maximum range is 45 centimeters and the maximum clamping force is 120 kilograms.

Instructions: build wooden deck itself

build wooden deck itselfFigure 1: Measure the slats for the substructurebuild wooden deck itselfFigure 2: Check the distance between the supporting timbers for the substructurebuild wooden deck itselfFigure 3: Arrange concrete slabs on the gravel

For the substructure is a first sand bed created, you should pull off with a slope so that rainwater drains. In waterproof surfaces you need including a Coarse gravel layer. Thereafter, a root mat is interpreted. Although this allows to escape down the water but prevents plants grow upwards. Thereafter, the Wooden slats for the substructure measured and cut to the appropriate length (image Nos. 1 and 2).

The next step is the construction of the remaining substructure follows: Place the concrete slabs also in a uniform, narrow distance and route the plastic pads and support timbers (picture no. 3). The Structural wood should be pegged in the concrete plates and bolted or secured to the above-described connection system.

The Pre-drilling the fixing points in deck boards is recommended for all types of wood. - It is particularly important in Bangkirai, otherwise bolts break off and the connections may loosen.

build wooden deck itselffix tread on the support timbers: Image 4build wooden deck itselfFigure 5: Small wedges ensure the correct distance when screwing the boards to the supporting timbersbuild wooden deck itselfFigure 6: One after the deck boards are laid

Now the subsequent tread arises: do this, move the decking at regular intervals (about 4 to 6 mm) transverse to the previously pegged beams substructure (Picture No. 4 to 6.). Pay attention to a regular, rectilinear alignment of the drilled holes and a clean Schraubbild, because the heads of the screws remain visible. use stainless steel screws for the wooden deck to prevent future rust stains.

Now you lay a wooden floor after another and fix them with a cordless screwdriver. Slowly the uniform decking (Figure Nos. 5 and 6) is formed. To build a large wooden deck, you should plan for about a day.

Once the deck is built, a thorough protection of wood is important. After that, missing only the right garden furniture, because the wooden terrace is available immediately after construction.

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