Kale in the garden
Kale in the garden
The winter vegetable plant and care
Kale (Brassica oleracea var. Sabellica) is a very popular winter vegetables and is therefore often referred to as a winter cabbage. The robust Brassica variety is originally from Greece and today is particularly strong cultivated in northern Germany and Scandinavia. The vegetables can post harvest consumed raw as a salad than be further processed tasty.
Compared to many other types of cabbage kale is particularly undemanding and therefore is ideally suited for cultivation in their own vegetable garden. Even novice gardeners can look forward to a good harvest during the cold months when kale. Nevertheless, it is in the care of some aspects to pay particular attention to support healthy plant growth optimally.
Below you will learn valuable information about the cultivation and care of green cabbage.
planting of contents about kale and maintain
- Kale as a healthy winter vegetables
- Claims and location of green cabbage
- grow kale
- maintain kale properly
- Diseases and pests
- Harvest of green cabbage
- Recipe: Marinated kale salad with pomegranate and walnuts
Kale as a healthy winter vegetables
Kale is grown increasingly in small private gardens, as more people come to appreciate the high health value of winter vegetables. With its small habitat requirements of carbon thrives in almost any vegetable and delivers the cold months, fresh vitamins.
For the kale is one of the vitamin C-rich foods at all. As with the onset of autumn, the number of infectious diseases is increasing by leaps and bounds, everybody should be keen to support his immune system targeted in a natural way. Regular dishes with carefully brewed green cabbage or fresh kale salad are ideal for this purpose. In addition, the kale plant in the second year sand is bright yellow flowers and is thus an ornament in the garden - a growing thus worth twice for garden lovers.
Claims and location of green cabbage
Kale is an unpretentious vegetable plant.
The kale is considered resistant, robust and disease-resistant Brassica species and thrives even in poor soil conditions relatively well. The best conditions for a good harvest are durchlockerte clay soils that do not tend to waterlogging and heat up slightly. Thus, you should prefer a full sun partial shade.
Kale also needs sufficient Nährtsoffe to train its large leaves optimal. On poor soils, the plant withers and forms only narrow, sagging leaves. Therefore, put on high-quality, nutrient-rich plant substrate that is ideally prepared with organic fertilizer such as rotted compost or horn shavings.
Bear in mind when choosing a location that you should follow a cultivation break of three years with cabbages, so to recover the ground and new crops can provide enough nutrients. Also, diseases and pests can be prevented targeted in this way.
Early cabbage plants are robust and resilient.
Ideally, the kale seeds are first sown on a Vorzugbeet or advanced in the interior in small pots. However Sow in the warm living room in April, in the field only for the end of May, when no night frosts threaten. After about six weeks, but no later than August, the small seedlings then draw in the space provided for them vegetable patch.
The soil in the bed is pre-dug and prepared with compost. At the same time AND ALL weeds should be removed to create the best conditions for growth of young plants.
Plant the young green cabbage seedlings in rows, you should keep a distance of 50 cm between the individual plants and lines respectively. This facilitates the later harvest and ensures complete drying of large leaves - so you prevent fungal infections.
tipGreen cabbage thrives between beans and tomatoes. One immediate vicinity of other cabbages or potatoes should be avoided, however.
maintain kale properly
With a lack of nutrients the leaves turn yellow.
After planting, the substrate is well-watered and to the rooting of the seedlings held by continuously wet. Following is watered regularly, so no lasting moisture created and never dries out completely the substrate.
Likewise, experts recommend the rapid growth of a regular fertilizing with organic substances. In September, then, an additional fertilization with nitrogen-containing products in order to supply the fast-growing and highly debilitating kale plants with enough nutrients.
tip: A nutrient deficiency, you acknowledge discoloration. Often the outer leaves then take a yellow or even brown color and act sick.
Diseases and pests
Even caterpillars taste of kale.
Kale is very often visited by the cabbage butterfly. This white butterfly lays its eggs from particularly like at the coal plant. The young larvae eventually feed on the leaves and roots and add considerable damage to the plant. As a preventive protective measure bird nets can be stretched over the vegetable patch, so butterflies and other pests do not enter until near the cabbages.
Even the flea beetle is a feared pest in cabbage cultivation. The small larvae feed on fresh seedlings and can quickly lead to defoliation. Regular weeding disrupts the flea beetles that live in the soil and can be performed as a preventive measure. Also, you should keep the soil constantly moist enough to scare flea beetles effectively. While the Sätzlinge be brought forward a garden fleece can prevent infestation by flea beetles.
Harvest of green cabbage
The kale can be harvested throughout the winter as needed.
The kale can spend the entire winter in the garden and harvested as needed. At very low temperatures, the plant while their growth one, however, survive the frosts unscathed. From the spring, the plant drives then off again.
The harvest begins about three to five months after sowing in beds. Wait until the first frosts, this affect the taste of green cabbage positive as mature kale contains hardly any strength, but also forms glucose through photosynthesis. Therefore, the kale tastes are mild and aromatic when it was really cold outside.
tip: Harvest primarily central leaves. This taste particularly delicate and have the finest flavor.
Recipe: Marinated kale salad with pomegranate and walnuts
A marinated kale salad with pomegranate and nuts fits perfectly with the winter time and contains many vitamins.
Kale does not have to be always served with hearty bratwurst. For this easy recipe you need a little more time because the kale has to sit overnight in the refrigerator, but the court contains as much calcium as three glasses of milk and is worth the effort manageable. In addition, all the healthy ingredients of green cabbage are preserved because it does not have to be heated.
- 500g fresh kale
- 1/2 pomegranate
- B. n. Chopped walnuts
- 1 shallot
- olive oil
- 2 tablespoons Honey
- 4 tablespoons white wine vinegar
- salt & pepper
First, the kale washed and crushed. Remove the stalks and stems for a more pleasant taste. Then the shallots are chopped very fine and, with the vinegar, honey and olive oil in a bowl. Add the kale added and season with salt and pepper.
Spends the night the mixture in the refrigerator so that the kale can coincide. Before serving, the next day the walnuts are (alternatively pine nuts) just roasted in a pan without fat and fresh throughout the chilly winter salad. Then another knock the pomegranate seeds using a spoon from the halved pomegranate and pour over the winter dish.
tip: At this kale salad also very good freshly grated Parmesan fits.