Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)
Sea Buckthorn plant and harvest
For more than 2000 years the healing powers are the Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) known in East Asia. However, he found in Europe until the Middle Ages as a remedy use. According to current knowledge, the round are very healthy to egg-shaped fruits and processed into juice, jam, liqueur or skin care products.
Even in the garden the orangen Beere are a delight in autumn when other trees and shrubs have dropped their leaves. Who wants to harvest the berries of itself, requires sufficient space to plant male and female sea buckthorn shrubs in the garden. After that, the sea buckthorn proves to be easy to clean and needs only occasional pruning. Below experienced hobby gardeners, what to consider when choosing the location, proliferation and cutting, and get tips for harvesting of sea buckthorn fruit.
Contents about sea buckthorn
- planting sea buckthorn in the garden
- Flowering and increase in sea buckthorn
- cultivate sea buckthorn shrubs and cut
- harvesting sea buckthorn fruits in autumn
- The effect of sea buckthorn fruits and Juice
planting sea buckthorn in the garden
The sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) belongs to the family of elaeagnaceae and will "sand berry". "Weiden berry" or "Audorn" called. These names have the same attention to the different locations where sea buckthorn can grow. So it occurs, for example, in regions with a high salt content, but also in dry and warm areas in nature. In Germany buckthorn shrubs can be found both on sandy, nutrient-poor dunes on the North and Baltic Sea coast and forests and limestone soils in the Alps. You reach a Of up to five meters and form widely ramified roots under the ground, so you should plant them with a root barrier in the form of plastic sheets. The shrubs up to four meters wide and are covered on the underside of leaves with silvery sign hair.
Buckthorn with buds
To the popular varieties for growing in the garden include:
- Askola: The plant develops very dense and bright orange fruits that are in late August for harvest, and has a moderately trained Spike Growth on.
- Frugana: The bright orange berries are ripe around mid-August and destroy approximately two weeks later. The shrubs have few thorns and recover quickly from back sections.
- Orange Energy: Their yellow-orange berries are ready to harvest in September and can easily be easy to pick through the sweeping branches. The shrub is recovering quickly from a rear section and forms on the branches only moderately thorns.
- Male sea buckthorn: Male shrubs should be matched to the flowering of the female specimens. Pollmix 1 is suitable for early flowering female sea buckthorn, Pollmix 4 for mid-early flowering and Pollmix 3 for late flowering shrubs.
Who wants to plant sea buckthorn in the garden, choose a sunny site. Partial shade or even a shady area under trees reduces flowering and thus the number of educated ended berries. Although the bushes thrive on almost all soils, but prefer them nutrient-poor, sandy soil. Since they do not tolerate waterlogging, is to look for in clay surfaces on the water permeability.
Flowering and increase in sea buckthorn
Buckthorn plants are dioecious, d. H. they form only female or male flowers. Therefore, the proliferation at least two female and a male sea buckthorn needed. Pollination is about the wind, so the male plant is to plant in the garden, that it is in the main wind direction before the female shrubs. Also note that only female plants produce orange fruit.
From March to May show the buckthorn shrubs before the leaves their yellow flowers. However, the flowering occurs until the third or fourth year. Male plants form spherical, compact buds on very short stalks and have as opposed to female shrubs no petals.
Female sea buckthorn has long stems and tubular flowersMale flowers sit on short stems in spherical arrangement
cultivate sea buckthorn shrubs and cut
Sea buckthorn is one of the easy-care plants. On the third year, the shrubs do not require additional water generally. Only in hot summers gardeners should water them occasionally. Sufficient nutrients they are fertilized every two years with compost. In addition, the plants often suffer from pests or diseases.
With increasing age buckthorn shrubs develop a very broad crown which form only at the outer branches of berries and thus lignify the inner branches. With a regular pruning it prevents the woodiness of the shrub. Every two years to cut in late winter that shoots back that carried berries, and thins it - if necessary - from. Since the berries are produced at the last year's shoots, the harvest in the following year falls possibly lower. In male shrubs a pruning every four years is recommended.
Female shrubs bear berries
harvesting sea buckthorn fruits in autumn
From In mid-August to late September and partly in October gardeners can harvest the sea buckthorn. Then the orange to orange-yellow or berries -red mature and release a pleasant fragrance. Once the fruit is ripe, rapid harvest is important. After two or three weeks they are pale and get a slightly rancid taste. On the bush remaining berries hang in there often until spring and bring color to the winter garden. Because of the long thorns you should at harvest necessarily wear gloves.
Who picking sea buckthorn is too uncomfortable, spread under the shrub a large tarp and shaking the fruit from the branches. Especially with very ripe berries and densely grown branches this harvesting method has proven to be a simple alternative.
The effect of sea buckthorn fruits and Juice
Unlike blueberries and cranberries to Sandddorn fruit does not eat raw, but prepares them for juice, jam or liqueur. The berries are easy to crush after the harvest and have a sour taste, as most flavors are in the shell.
Buckthorn has a high vitamin C content, contains in 100 g of approximately 12 mg beta-carotene, as well as up to 15 mg of vitamin E and all the vitamins of the B group. In addition, the fruits are rich in minerals such as magnesium, iron, zinc, potassium and calcium, and contain unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, sea buckthorn has anti-inflammatory, lowers cholesterol and strengthens the immune system. In addition to the food it is also available as a care oil to promote skin regeneration. Because it triggers allergies in some people, the compatibility test to an insensitive point from the external application.