Tiles are still considered the most popular floor coverings. They are robust, can be used individually and almost indefinitely if laid correctly. Since tiles outdoors but increased stress caused by sun, rain and frost subject, a professional installation is urgently needed. Even small errors can cause water gets under the tiles and making them burst in freezing. The water has only found a way under the tile, further destruction is stopped only by rapid countermeasures.
In order not to face this problem, only savvy DIYers should venture into this work. Will they respect all the important rules is a great tiled terrace no more obstacles. Just a clean tiled terrace created among manicured and a cozy atmosphere.
Contents: tiles Terrace
- needed tools
- Prepare the substrate and seal
- Apply tile adhesive and lay tiles
- grouting tiles
- Extra protection: balcony impregnation
Laying the tiles in principle differs little from installing tiles in the living room. Therefore, no special tools for laying tiles are needed.
- Measurement and auxiliary agents
- Maurer tools (ladle)
- tile cutter
- tile crosses
- Notched trowel or notched trowel
- Joint-rubber spatula
- Sponge or sponge board
Prepare the substrate and seal
In addition to general surface requirements, such as dry, firm, free of cracks and stable, requires a tiled terrace other important basics. To prevent that water accumulates or form puddles, the terrace has an already Gradient of about 2% to have. So rain water can drain from the house and puddling be avoided. It is also important to seal the surface. This prevents penetration of moisture from the bottom and is at the same time a protection of rooms below against moisture from above. Penetrating moisture can soften the ground and cause deformation, which can tear the tiles.
A proper seal is made with a sealing surface, such as liquid film. This is applied in two layers, and forms an extremely flexible, rubbery and waterproof layer. It will not be damaged by broken tiles, so that is a permanent waterproof surface is guaranteed. doing household connections and processes are extremely important. These are in addition protected by a sealing tape, which is incorporated directly into the sealing material. If a central floor drain be used dense special cuffs transitions perfectly.
incorporate sealing tapeseal terrace
Apply tile adhesive and lay tiles
In compliance with the specified drying time of the sealant of the tiles can start laying. Care should be taken that it is not too hot, not the sun is shining directly on to be tiled surface and it does not rain. A cool weather with humid air is optimal. So the glue does not dry too quickly, but is not washed away by rain. Likewise, it is imperative to use frost-resistant and flexible tile adhesive. Only this guarantees that weather-related movements are compensated.
If the tile adhesive touched by the manufacturer, this can be applied with a trowel and combed with a notched trowel. Here, a uniform image of the applied tile adhesive should result.
The tiles are pressed with a slightly rotating movement and a little pressure in the tile adhesive. When laying tiles outdoors it is very important that no voids under the tiles produced. In this water can collect and destroy the tiles in frost. Proved why has it "Buttering-floating method"Wherein the tile adhesive is applied on the floor and in the same manner on the tile. This will ensure at the same time applied everywhere the same amount of a closed layer tile adhesive.
comb tile adhesiveLay tiles
Before commencing grouting, all joints should be checked again. Adhesive residue on the tiles lead to unsightly discoloration of the joints and already filled with tile adhesive joints can subsequently cause damage.
It is important the correct choice of grout. This must be frost-resistant and flexible. Please to observe the instructions. After this the mortar is well stirred and is ready for use after a short aging period. Diagonal it will be distributed with a joint rubber and incorporated. Here really all gaps must be filled.
If the tile grout has dried, it can be smoothed with a wet sponge or sponge board. Here, too, is wiped diagonally across the joints. grout washes it out of joint, he is not yet dry enough. The cleaning should be carried out only after complete drying of the joints. For this purpose, the sponge is regularly cleaned with water. A lasting cement film combines well with a dry cloth to remove.
Finally, after hardening of the joint mortar and a thorough cleaning, joints and transitions are filled with appropriate sealant. Since the transitions between tiles and house have to balance extreme movements, the sealant should adhere to the tiles and housecleaning only laterally. An adhesion to the substrate is prevented by introducing Hinterfüllschnüren.
Extra protection: balcony impregnation
Balcony surfaces of ceramic tile, natural stone, concrete or screed are highly stressed by the weather. Over time, tiny cracks and gaps appear, let the moisture penetrate into the ground. This can lead to frost damage, mold growth, moss or corrosion of the balcony substructure. A balcony or tiles impregnation considers this "attacker" safely in check, closes cracks and pores to 0.2 mm and stops as balconies and terraces for months waterproof.