tinker figures papier-mâché

Colorful dolls made of paper mache

When speaking Pappmaschee one usually thinks tinkering with children. But the material can look back under its traditional name papier-mâché on a long tradition in the production of figures and sculptures or of ornate decorations for indoor applications: Since the 15th century the material in Europe is known.

Its advantages are obvious: papier-mâché is made from very inexpensive raw materials such as paper or cardboard, water and glue, and it can be processed very easily. Paper mache can be made into almost any shape, after drying, can be the result almost grind like wood, drill, separate, paint and glue. The workpieces are - as compared to plaster figures - very light and still stable. And when a papier-mâché figure will nevertheless be damaged, you stick it easily with wood glue. And so we're arrived back tinkering with children, because the mentioned properties are ideal for this.

must be different to the figures with papier mache, incidentally, by the laminating. Both are often confused with each other, but are very different: in one case working with a thick pulp, while glued during lamination paper strips are glued to each other. We explain both techniques here.

Contents: figures papier-mâché

  • Materials and tools
  • Working with papier-mâché
  • Making papier-mâché
  • Working with the Kaschiertechnik
  • Preparing the form and paste
  • Tips and tricks for papier-mâché and laminating

Materials and tools

  • Egg cartons or newspapers, white paper in the Kaschiertechnik
  • Large container, bin or tray
  • water
  • Wallpaper paste (Normal paste)
  • Flour
  • Waterproof support (foil or wax cloth tablecloth)
  • Possibly spatulas or other tools for shaping
  • Possibly coated wire
  • In the laminating molding, optionally plaster or filler and release agents such as Vaseline

Working with papier-mâché

Basically: The processed pulp dries very slowly: For larger projects, with thick layers this can take several days in individual cases. so plan these times, and start time if you need to be ready at a certain time - perhaps because a carnival mask or a Halloween decoration is to be built.

Take into account also that paper mache can shrink during drying, also uneven. so it should be scheduled for a time reserve for corrections.

Making papier-mâché

Raw material for paper macheIn addition to paper and cardboard packaging such moldings are suitable as a raw material. Interestingly: You are even produced industrially from papier mache.

When preparing the pulp should cover the working surface generously with film or another waterproof backing. On the cover make a sufficiently large container, such as a plastic wash tub.

Now newspapers and egg cartons are torn into small shreds, while toddlers can even help already. The pieces come into the container and be washed down with warm water. Then stirred again vigorously, so that as all the snippets come into contact with water, and the batch is left to stand overnight.

The next day, paper and cardboard are soft enough, but still lack a binder. Which one makes of wallpaper paste. Place a 125 gram box of paste with 6 liters of water to let the paste to the manufacturer's instructions to swell and once again stir it through. If you consume the paste not quite, you can store it in a sealable container for several days.

Mix raw material for paper macheThe soaked and swollen raw material is thoroughly mixed. It must be soft and pliable, but must not be dripping wet.

Normal paste sticks perfectly adequate, you do not need a special paste. The Metylzellulose in paste way, is harmless, so that even children can use it. Preservatives or similar chemicals are usually not included.

The papier should be easily malleable and soft, but not dripping wet. So If necessary, press the paper pulp and then stir into the paste until a thick, thick mixture is obtained, which is easy to shape and also has a sag resistance, in which it does not flow or crumbling apart. This is at the beginning a little bit of practice.

Pappmaschee is smoother if you add a little flour. Do not overdo it so however: In one approach, in which, let the paste, more than one kilogram of flour should be added.

Pink mask made of paper macheWith the pulp itself forms can be designed very freely. Therefore, it is suitable except for crafting with children also good for demanding artistic works.

Now you can as you wish form the crowd. For larger figures, such as animals with strong limbs, it may be necessary to stabilize the entire sculpture or parts with wire. To do this, the best a plastic-coated florist wire or insulated rigid installation wires - uncoated wire can rust too easily and thereby produce spots on the figure, which is virtually impossible to paint over.

The final figures is allowed to dry, preferably at room temperature in a room without drafts. After drying, you can make the surface as desired with additional water colors or poster paint.

Working with the Kaschiertechnik

Laminated objects often need shorter drying times as papier-mâché figures and less preparation time. Here, too, Normal paste is applied. Play back 125 grams of paste to 6 liters of water and stir the mixture after the swelling time vigorously.

So that the objects are stable, you can paste the add a little plaster or gypsum-based filler. But beware: gypsum accelerates the hardening of the mixture significantly, so you have to work as quickly as possible. If you tinker with children, so you should, if appropriate, without such additions and more than add some flour.

Preparing the form and paste

Clad is on a form because, unlike with paper mache, you can not customize this technology freely. Thus, the object later well detached from the form, it is coated with a release agent. Vaseline, you get inexpensive drugstore, lends itself to very good.

Now tear paper into little snippets, they appear individually in the pastes and place them on the form - always nice overlapping, so that the whole holds together well later. This is done in several layers, where the first two layers and the last layer should be made of white paper. For the layers in between, you can use newsprint.

Stir paste for papier-mâchéFor the laminating technology is also mixed paste. Fill a portion of it in a handy container and stir it again before use.Put laminating paperNow you can wet snippet for snippets with the paste and place it on the form - in this case, is a balloon that remains later in the figure.

Insert after each layer the object along with the form on the heater and let it dry. You can then apply the next layer.

After gluing and drying of the last layer the object is released from the mold. Because of the release agent that is not hard. However, you may have to cut it when it encloses the form completely your artwork.

How Pappmaschee can be sanded smooth and painted as desired and the clad material as needed.

Papier-mâché figure fix earA simple basic form further elements may be applied. Thin parts, as here, the ear of a rabbit who need a stabilizing framework. For that was used in this case, a tailored piece of cardboard.painted papier-mâché figureThe final figure will be painted only after the full Drying. Poster or acrylic paint suitable for the best. Water or water colors cover less well and bring too much water on the character - this could, in extreme cases Ppaierlagen released again.

Tips and tricks for papier-mâché and laminating

  1. You can fix smaller quantities with standard paste, which is made of pure methyl cellulose. To do this in 1 liter of water 4 tablespoons light the powder. You want contrast, use special paste, perhaps because of the recent renovation of a box is left, then you should always start the whole box or at least mix the powder vigorously because its various components could have been separated during storage and transport.
  2. In-mixed paste should be stored cool.
  3. The finished objects, you can protect against moth infestation, if you give the paste a few drops of clove oil.
  4. For better durability of the object or painting you can paint it clear to the end. However, this is not working, should help with the younger children.
  5. Size figures papier-mâché be easier if they contain cavities. Which can be reached quite easily by building the figure to different extents and inflated differently shaped balloons around, which may remain therein later.
  6. An alternative for the preparation angerührtem with paste is to knead the soaked paper after squeezing thoroughly with dry powder paste. The paper mache so produced is sometimes more suitable for artistic works by adults.

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