Wooden shelter-building instructions
Wooden shelter-building instructions
build wooden shelter itself and store firewood
The fossil fuel prices continue to rise. Therefore fireplaces and wood heating are becoming more popular. But the wood must be properly stored so that it can be burned in the fireplace.
The most important conditions are therefore: The wood must be clean, be stored in a dry and secure. Therefore, a wooden shelter and a firewood shelter offers itself as a perfect solution to storing the wood.
It is important that the logs stacked not too tight at least two years stored in a covered place, so that the residual moisture can escape from the wood. A south-facing house wall lends itself to this. In addition, the wooden shelter should be reconsidered and waterproof. Furthermore, sufficient air between and behind the timber must be able to circulate.
Contents on wooden shelter
- Materials and tools
- build firewood shelter itself
- Assembling the support and the roof structure
- video Tutorial
- Woodpile holder for easy firewood racks
- Buy wood stack holder at Amazon
- Buyer's guide for a wood shed
- Buy firewood and firewood
- Wood moisture content and water content of firewood
- Firewood driving license for amateur lumberjacks
- Firewood split and sawed
- Hydraulic log splitters and saw horse in action
Materials and tools
- roofing felt
- Euro pallets and disposable pallets
- Wooden beams 70 x 70 mm
- Wood preservation glaze
- anchor nails
- Squares 60 x 80 mm
- paving stones
- Sheathing boards rough sawn
- Wood screw with countersunk head diameter 60 x 70 mm
- speed screws
- Weft ground sockets for wooden posts (or galvanized ground anchor)
- Drive-in aid (alternatively: short squared timber)
- Heavy load angle connector
- angle connector
- flat connector
- Cordless Screwdriver
- chop saw
- tube level
- Balance water, if necessary, angular-level
- Maul key (size 19 mm)
- Proposal rod (for pre-drilling the holes for the ground sleeves)
build firewood shelter itself
First, you look for when you want to build the wooden shelter a level place. Set up there the Euro pallets on cobblestones and connect them with the help of angle connectors or flat connectors.
Next, you need to building frame. To determine the position of the impact ground sockets first. Punch before the appropriate place with a steel rod in order to be able to incorporate the sleeves easier. Then hit the strike ground sockets and then plug the rectangular blocks of wood into the sleeves. Set up everything using a hose unit horizontally and mark the required length.
Alternatively: Point foundations for ground anchor
who the ground anchor will run more stable, it can fix in the ground with point foundations. Here is particularly important careful work because minimal deviations already passed on to the post and potentiate thereby.
In order for the wood shelter has enough support, that should be the excavation 40x40x80cm be approximately. There is also the excavation Fence Pfahlbohrer use that can be rented at the hardware store. Such auger facilitates work and ensures more stable foundations because the holes do not run to a point (which can sometimes be difficult to avoid when digging).
Mixing ratio for the concrete base: A part cement to six parts gravel sand and little water. The mixture should be slightly moist and relatively tough, which makes it easier to align the ground socket.
Assembling the support and the roof structure
Pay attention to a slope to the back post, so that the rain water can flow more easily later. Shorten the woods accordingly and align vertically with the spirit level. For a clean finish, you saw the woods from the right angle.
Fix it then in the impact ground sleeves. Then connect the posts and horizontal frame wood with heavy duty angle connectors or flat iron. the supports have been sawn at an angle, even a long screw can be screwed vertically from above through the roof carrier in the supports. Here you should definitely pre-drill a smaller diameter and work with Pocket Holes or use countersunk screws so that the screw head then does not protrude and is in the roof installation in the way.
After the construction of the frame, the roof for the firewood shelter follows. to attach rafters to the frame timbers. Cladding the rafters with previously shortened to the width of the roof form boards. Finally emphasize the wooden shelter with wood preservative stain so that the shelter will last longer. Alternatively Pressure Treated wood can be used, which is particularly weather resistant.
Woodpile holder for easy firewood racks
Woodpile holders simplify the construction of the firewood rack
Those who want to build a simple wooden shelter used four wooden stack holder and eight wooden beams. These practical woodpile holders serve the firm stand of the firewood stack. vertical and horizontal wooden beams are installed in the respective devices and have the firewood can be stacked. The dimensions of the boom connector be such. B. 33.5 x 10 x 15 cm (length x width x height). The distance between the holes for the vertical timber is 17 cm from center to center, and the horizontal beam 27 cm with a maximum height of 130 cm.
Buy wood stack holder at Amazon
Buyer's guide for a wood shed
A firewood shed, also called firewood rack, wooden shelter or firewood rack is available in different versions, eg. B. as a free standing shelter or as a model that is similar to a house wall.
Even with the materials you have almost free choice: If you Wood use, you should make sure that it is pressure-treated in order to withstand the weather conditions. steel in turn, should be galvanized, otherwise it starts to rust. It is important that the firewood shelter is secure, so no firewood can drop out and it is simultaneously protected from wind and weather. Thus the stored wood really dries, enough air must circulate in a wooden shelter.
If the shelter are not only used for the storage of wood but also of garden furniture, you can get a universal firewood shelter to buy. There are also extensible firewood racks. They consist of a base module and can be expanded to the desired capacity.
In addition, the firewood must be chopped before stacking so that it is square, not round. Roundwood can easily roll back and forth and makes storage. Who does not want to split with the ax firewood chore into logs, use a wood splitter with which wood can be easily and gently crush forces.
Special Covers protect the firewood from rain
Holzabdeckplanen: Cheap alternative to wooden shelter
The ready-cut wood should be stored protected from the weather. Who can find a wooden shelter is too expensive, who opts for a special cover for wood that you can already buy for about 6 euros. Nevertheless, the firewood should not be stacked on the ground, otherwise it may get moldy because of the high humidity. For this reason, at least one base to be built on which it is then stacked. After that it can be covered with tarpaulin.
Buy firewood and firewood
Heating with wood has a positive effect on the cost of heating, because for the same energy that a cubic meter Firewood, i.e. 1 x 1 x 1 m layered logs, generated approximately 210 to 220 liters of heating oil or 385 kilos of brown coal briquettes must be consumed.
Where there is firewood?
Buyer consumers should pay attention to the types of wood, as they are characterized by different heating capacities. For example, the hardwood of oak, ash or beech has a calorific value of 2,100 kW / h, making it more expensive than lighter Softwood, such as spruce and fir.
Fuel or firewood there on the timber sales of various providers on the Internet or on-site and is available as an ovenable firewood or logs in different lengths. Affordable to buy it at forest offices or forestry associations. There it is available in different lengths or as originating long Langholz. Depending on the area loads should there himself sawing the wood into a specified parcel. The addresses of the forestry offices are listed under forest management in the phonebook. In addition, there are fireplaces, which are operated without firewood, for example, an ethanol fireplace and gel fireplace.
Wood moisture content and water content of firewood
Furnace or fireplace ready firewood Only one Moisture content of 15% percent have, as higher values lead to increased smoke and more pollutants are released into the air. In addition, at a higher moisture, the energy efficiency decreases. To achieve the required residual moisture, the wood must be stored properly up to two years. The moisture content should not be confused with the water content. Thus, a moisture content of 25% corresponds to a water content of 20%. The water content indicates the ratio between the wet weight of the wood and the amount of water contained. The moisture content can be determined with a moisture meter for wood. Since the wood burning is prohibited with a humidity of over 25% according to the regulation of the Bundesimmissionsgesetzes, fireplace or stove owners should measure the moisture of firewood regularly.
Firewood driving license for amateur lumberjacks
To beat the wood in the forest itself, is the permission of the forest owner or the responsible forestry office and called in many cases. firewood license required. These get interested after attending special seminars and courses. There they learn the most important rules for sharpening and dealing with the chainsaw, the use of protective clothing and safety measures to prevent accidents. They also learn how the wood is cut professionally. Courses one-day seminar and organize among others, the Chamber of Agriculture of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Federation Deula e. V.
Firewood split and sawed
Wood splitter standing unit
The firewood should be split for fireplace and stove directly after delivery appropriate logs because it dries faster this way. Ideally, the logs have a maximum length of 33 cm and a thickness of less than 10 cm.
As an auxiliary hydraulic log splitters and saw horses serve. At a wood splitter the timber is pressed through a gap wedge, a gap or cross and so divided into small logs. There are also machines with a hydraulic press nip, which are operated by an electric motor. Log splitter with a splitting power of 4 to 8 are t enough for home use. Moreover, these devices are equipped with wheels and have a weight of about 50 kg. Buyer is to pay attention to the maximum size of the timber, as long firewood increases the gap time.
Yourselfers who split the firewood themselves, are a sawhorse well advised. Depending on the version, it offers room for multiple pieces of wood. These models have that can be produced with a chainsaw in one operation more logs than on a conventional buck the advantage. The operation of such sawhorses and wood splitters demonstrate the following videos: